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Vital Wartime Lessons

Year 6 pupils at Upton Junior School in Broadstairs are taking a trip back to those days as part of their World War 2 topic and have begun investigating just what it felt like to be a wartime child in Britain.

In September nearly 80 years ago the storm clouds were gathering over Europe as England and France declared war on Germany after it invaded Poland.

For generations of young children autumn 1939 was the beginning of many years that would change their lives forever.

The contrast between their lives today and those of their counterparts has been sharply put into focus by retired primary school teacher Peter O’Sullivan who guides them through a hands-on experience in his role as an ‘ARP (Air Raid Patrol) warden’ in full civil defence uniform complete with tin safety helmet, whistle and First Aid kit. 

He greeted them as they arrived at Upton in their period costumes, ready for evacuation carrying their precious cuddly toys, suitcases, and with a name tag around their necks.

A classroom decked out in patriotic flags and information posters became a treasure trove of artefacts and memorabilia, collected by Peter, which vividly illustrates life for a child in wartime Britain.

Pupils created gasmasks and made ration cards before exploring a range of activities.

The tried cracking encrypted messages using the Caesar code wheels and brass rubbings, while other communication devices included Bakelite candlestick phones, box cameras and field glasses.

They investigated tins and packets of foodstuffs from a bygone era before weighing out meagre rations in a makeshift kitchen on scales.

Discovering simple yet ingenious wooden toys, old comics and books were very popular with pupils more used to computer games and smart phones.

Mr O’Sullivan, who is fascinated with 20th Century history, explained:

“Times were desperate, personal belongings were few and food was scarce, but community spirit was strong and supporting each other was vital.

It is very important that our children today experience a taste of what family life was like in World War 2 and their time in our wartime classroom really makes them think.”

Upton Head of School Darci Arthur said:

“World War 2 is an important part of our history and this topic gives our Year 6 children the chance to dig deeply into all aspects of the period.

Mr O’Sullivan’s workshops are fascinating and inspiring, and are an integral part of topic work this term.”


Upton Junior School is part of the Viking Academy Trust with Chilton Primary School and Ramsgate Free School.

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